Safiya Noble’s 2018 book about inherent bias in search at web search engines and also other sites like Yelp. How technical systems are built predominantly by middle class white men and therefore inherit biases.
A useful analogy might be that of a library. Imagine if you walked into a library seeking information for your children, asked a librarian what information they had about young black girls, and had a stack of pornographic magazines tossed at you because librarians were paid kickbacks to get people to read porn. The fact is, that wouldn’t happen — because libraries are public institutions whose operations are premised on intellectual integrity and have undergone rigorous public scrutiny and dialogue. Not so search engines.
New York Journal of Books review: Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism
Pop Matters review: Don’t Google It! How Search Engines Reinforce Racism